Don't ignore your toes when they cry out for help. The world can be cruel to them, especially when they have to face it in ill-fitting shoes.
What your toes actually need is the correct environment for them to fit without being squeezed, move about freely and proper protection, which they won’t get if you end up buying the wrong shoes. Whether you have a specific foot condition, or if your feet are model material, wearing shoes designed without consideration of the forefoot can cause more harm than not.
Here is everything you need to know about how to find shoes that fit you correctly, protect your toes and help alleviate existing foot conditions.
Where should your toe be in a shoe?
Your longest toe should be about half an inch, which is about the width of your finger, from the front of the shoe.
Here's an age-old trick that still works like a charm when you’re looking for a pair of shoes that protect and fit your toes properly:
- Place your thumb between your big toe and the tip of the shoe. Your thumb should be able to press down all the way to the bottom of the shoe, without any toes getting in the way. If this doesn’t happen, try a larger size.
- While standing up, spread and wiggle your toes to make sure they have enough room to move comfortably.
- Now, try standing on your toes to make sure that your big toe’s bend matches the shoe bend. If you feel the joint of your big toe is either before or after the shoe bend, it’s not a good fit.
- Always try on and buy shoes towards the end of the day after your feet have been through activity. Even if you don't suffer from edema or swelling, your feet, including toes, will be different after many hours on your feet.
- Make sure to try on shoes with the pair of socks you usually wear or intend to wear with these shoes. There's nothing more annoying than trying shoes with a pair of thin store peds and liners, only to come home and realize they are too tight with your thicker athletic socks.
What is the toe box of a shoe?
The technical name for the part of the tip of the shoe is toe box.
The toe box gives your toes protection from impact and if you choose shoes with the right toe box for your feet, it will give your toes enough room to move comfortably.
It’s worth knowing that the width span of your toes should be wider than the balls of your feet. Do your shoes know this? Many do not.
Here are some other toe box realities to keep in mind:
Worst case scenario of an ill-fitting toe box
Cramping or crushing, leading to blisters, corns, calluses, ingrown toenails and even black toenails. And if you already suffer from a foot condition, such as hammertoes or bunions, an ill-fitting toe box can not only be painful, but also worsen your condition. Love your toes, but don't ever let them get hugged too tightly.
The best kind of toe box to look for
The one that offers extra depth and has a stretchable, breathable upper as well as a soft, padded interior that conforms to your foot’s unique shape, keeps your feet dry to ward off bacteria build up and odors, and prevent irritation.
Not all toe boxes are actually boxy
The word “box” may be misleading, because toe boxes come in a wide variety of shapes and styles. The right toe box style is individual and depends on your specific foot shape and whether or not you have any foot conditions, but it should always be long and wide enough to accommodate your toes comfortably.
Toe boxes to avoid
Unless they are wide enough, avoid toe boxes with pointed toes, often found in dress styles, pumps and ballet flats..If your feet are not shaped in a pointed manner, how can they possibly fit a pointed toe shoe?
This pointed style will prevent your toes from lying flat and can cause many conditions described above, including metatarsalgia - pain and inflammation in the metatarsal bones and in the ball of the foot.
The only shoes not to feature a toe box
Open toe shoes, sandals and flip flops.
Since toe box refers to the enclosure for your toes, open toe shoes that expose your toes do not have a toe box. This means that most warm weather closed toe shoe styles or ones designed to wear during the summer months are ideal for your toes, and allow maximum toe movement.
Should my toes touch the end of my shoes?
If the shoes are too short for your feet, your toes might rub against the edge of the toe box, exacerbating existing foot problems, such as hammertoes, and causing injuries and even deformities.
On the flip side, if the toe box is too big, aside from making you more prone to accidents and falls, the natural foot reaction would be to try to keep the shoe on your feet by scrunching up the toes. This could result in bunions (which is ironic, because you might think that wider shoes would provide some relief from bunions), as well as hammertoes. In addition, shoes that are too big could also apply excessive pressure on your toes and balls of the foot, causing corns, calluses and metatarsalgia, and disrupting your natural stride.
So, no, your toes should not touch the end of your shoes. More specifically, you should leave at least half an inch between your toes and the end of the shoe.
What does a big toe box mean?
A big toe box, more commonly referred to as a wide toe box, means the shape of the front of the shoe is generous, round, tall, and does not taper at the ends - basically resembles the shape of a foot.
The size of the toe box is also relative to the width of the shoe. So, for example, an extra wide width shoe will have a much bigger toe box than a medium width shoe. As you go up in width, every aspect of the shoe is bigger and wider.
Quality shoe brands offer shoes not only in various length sizes, but also in a variety of widths, to accommodate all types of foot shapes and widths, including ones that are on the wider side.
What foot conditions need a big toe box?
First and foremost, a wide toe box is perfect for people who need wide width shoes. However, even if you don’t have any foot issues, it is always recommended to wear shoes designed with a round and wide toe box.
In addition, a big toe box can alleviate and even eliminate a long list of foot conditions, including:
- Plantar fasciitis
- Achilles tendonitis
- Diabetes and diabetic neuropathy
- Swollen feet
- Mortons Neuroma
A wide toe box also gives you enough space to insert custom orthotics in case you need them.